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Broken Bones

Broken bones are a common car accident injury because of the extreme force that a sudden impact exerts on the bones. And with more than 200 bones in the human body, there are hundreds of different ways your bones can be broken (or even crushed) in a car crash. Here are eight different types of breaks that can occur in an accident:

1. Torus fracture. A torus fracture (a fracture is the medical term for a broken bone) is also called a buckle fracture, and it is an incomplete fracture that often occurs in children whose bones are softer than that of adults. The break is “incomplete” because it is only on one side of the long bone in the arm or the leg. While this is a serious injury, it is typically less painful than an unstable fracture and can heal in as little as three weeks.

2. Greenstick fracture. A greenstick fracture is also a common injury among children and typically occurs in kids who are younger than 10 years old. This type of fracture occurs when a bone doesn’t break completely but instead bends and cracks. A child’s bones are softer and more flexible than an adult’s bones, which is why this type of injury generally occurs in the very young.

3. Stress fracture. A stress fracture is also called a hairline fracture, which causes small cracks in the bones. This type of fracture is generally associated with repetitive stress on the body, as in running, jumping and other physical activities. But it is possible to suffer a hairline fracture in a car accident. This injury can go unnoticed for a while, which can ultimately make it worse as you go about your day-to-day activities and injure it further.

4. Transverse fracture. A transverse fracture occurs when there is a direct blow to the bone and it is snapped into two pieces. The fracture runs directly across the bone at a right angle to the long axis of the bone.

5. Oblique fracture. An oblique fracture occurs when the bone breaks diagonally. This type of fracture can occur when one bone gets trapped and another bone twists over it. It also happens when the blow to a bone is at any angle other than a right angle.

6. Avulsion fracture. An avulsion fracture is an injury to the bone near where the bone attaches to a tendon or a ligament, which pulls away when the fracture happens, taking a piece of bone with it. This is also a common sports injury and often occurs in the elbow, hip, ankle, knee, shoulder, hand or finger.

7. Compound fracture. A compound fracture, also known as an open fracture, can be fairly graphic. It occurs when there is an open wound near the site of the broken bone and the bone sticks out through the skin. This generally happens when a bone fragment breaks through the skin because of the force of the accident. The open wound increases the odds of an infection, which is why early treatment is especially critical.

8. Comminuted fracture. A comminuted fracture occurs when the bone breaks into three or more pieces. This type of break requires considerable force, which is why it often happens in a high-impact car accident. The nature of this injury typically requires surgery; splints and casts are generally not effective treatment.

Keep in mind that fractures don’t always happen singularly. You can experience multiple types of fractures in a single car accident.

What Damages Am I Entitled to If I Break Any Bones in a Car Accident?

You have a right to compensation for your medical expenses, including emergency room visits, medication, surgery, follow-up appointments and physical therapy, but only if you are less than 50 percent at fault for the accident.

Under Oklahoma law, if your own negligence contributes to your injuries then your damages may be reduced proportionately. An experienced personal injury attorney can help you prove that the accident was not your fault and help you recover the maximum amount of damages possible.

Also keep in mind that personal injury claims are time-sensitive. Your personal injury lawsuit must be brought within two years of the accident.

While Oklahoma does not cap what you can recover for medical expenses, the law does place a $350,000 cap on what you can recover for pain and suffering and other noneconomic damages.

Reach Out to Our Office

If you or a loved one has broken any bones in a car accident, contact the law office of Charles Bryan Alred, P.C., today. Our passionate attorneys will assist you throughout each step of the personal injury process.